The Black Moor goldfish originated in China, where it is popularly known as dragon eye, owing to its characteristic protruding eyes.
It belongs to the telescope-eye variety of fancy goldfish, which are known for huge eyes jutting out of their heads. This fish is very friendly by nature and easy to maintain, making it one of the most loved aquarium residents the world over.
Facts about the Black Moor goldfish
Eyes: Black Moors are not born with such huge eyes; they develop this unique characteristic as they mature. The eyes of this fish move sideways, and not upwards.
Colour: Almost always black, the fish may change their color to black, tinged with bronze as they age, and some may even undergo a transformation to rusty-orange on the undersides of their bellies if the water temperature rises.
Scales: They have metallic scales with a velvety appearance, which decreases with age.
Fins: The depth of their body is almost two-third of its length. This goldfish are endowed with long, flowing, and delicate fins. The caudal fin is forked and rounded, and the pelvic, pectoral, and anal fins are long and paired. The dorsal fin is half the size of the depth of the body.
Eyesight: The fish has very poor eyesight. Its eyes are very delicate features, and you need to take extra care to see that they do not get damaged.
Reproduction: They generally breed after a noticeable rise in temperature, at the onset of spring. Males grow small lumps over their gills and pectoral fins, with which they nudge females and stimulate them to release eggs.
Check out the Black Moor Goldfish in this Tank!
A suitable tank
• A 10 gallon tank, or bigger, is suitable for this species, the water temperature should be maintained around 60 to 70 degrees Fahrenheit.
• Monitor the pH level and maintain it at 7.
• Standard lighting fixtures used for aquariums and available at pet stores can be used to provide light.
• Do not put delicate plants in the aquarium. The fish like to dig and may even uproot the plants and feed on them. Either decorate the aquarium with fake plants, or grow plants with sturdy root systems that will be difficult for the fish to uproot.
Feeding your Black Moor
• Feed your pets with sinking food pellets. Floating food pellets should be avoided, as the Black Moor find it difficult to hunt for food if it is floating around in the tank, because of poor eyesight.
• Usual goldfish diet. You can also introduce the fish to tiny pieces of oranges, cucumbers, zucchini, blanched lettuce and spinach, peeled grapes and shelled peas. Sludge worms, bloodworms, daphnia, and brine shrimp can also be fed to these goldfish.
• They are voracious eaters, so be extra careful not to overfeed them, and do not feed foods that are too acidic or high in protein and sugar content.
Protection from diseases
• Infections caused by flukes or flatworms cause torn fins and split gills which slowly lose color. Fish may also have trouble breathing. Treat the black moor with Fluke Tabs for at least a couple of weeks, and giving the fish a bath with potassium permanganate added to the water.
• Anchor worms and fish lice can also cause infections Potassium permanganate, and a formalin plus salt dip are usually recommended to treat this malaise.
• One of the most common diseases is the ich, caused by a parasitic protozoan. The illness is characterized by rapid and shallow breathing, isolation, loss of appetite, and the fish exhibit lethargy and rest at the bottom of the tank. The infection can be chemically treated like other ailments by using a potassium permanganate or a formalin dip. The black moor may die if Ich is not treated at an early stage.